Author Archives: The Hand Society

Anatomy Bones Finger Hand

Anatomy 101: Finger Bones


Did you know that there are 27 bones in the hand and wrist? The hand is a very complex anatomical structure. Fingers, also known as phalanges, have three bones each. The finger bones, as shown in the figure above, are:

  1. Proximal phalanges: Above the metacarpals, below the knuckle
  2. Middle phalanges: Just above the knuckle
  3. Distal phalanges: At the fingertip

The thumb mimics the other fingers but does not have a middle phalanx. Metacarpals are hand bones that line up with the fingers. They give the hand its structure and serve as an attachment for many small muscles, tendons and ligaments in the hand.

Learn more about the bones of the fingers, hand and wrist on the anatomy page at

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Hand Hand Tumor Lumps and Bumps Wrist Wrist Tumor

Ask a Doctor: Hand Tumors and Wrist Tumors

Medical physician doctor hands. Healthcare background banner.

Dr. Ekkehard Bonatz answers your questions about the lumps and bumps you may find on your hand or wrist.

I have been told I may need surgery for a tumor in my hand. What does that mean?

A “tumor” simply means there is a swelling that is not normally there, and your doctor feels it needs further examination. Sometimes it is referred to as a mass.

What kinds of tumors should I be concerned about?

Most tumors or masses on the hand and wrist are benign and are not cancer. Most commonly they are ganglion cysts. They are fluid-filled and can change in size. A giant cell tumor is a benign collection of tissue around a joint or a tendon. A thickening in the skin of the palm can also be a sign of Dupuytren’s contracture.

When should I see a hand surgeon about a tumor, growth or mass?

When the problem interferes enough with your hand function during the day or while enjoying a particular hobby, you may want to seek further advice. Many patients experience mild pain or discomfort, while others just notice a lump that wasn’t there before.

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Finger Hand Hand Safety

5 turkey carving safety tips

Turkey Carving Safety FINAL

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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Hand Nerves Wrist

5 Signs of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Man holding his hand - pain concept

Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most common conditions of the hand. It happens when there is pressure on the median nerve in the wrist. It can be caused by things like arthritis and fractures, but, ultimately, there can be many causes.

Here are 5 signs that you may have carpal tunnel:

  1. Pain
  2. Numbness
  3. Tingling
  4. Weaker grip
  5. Tendency to drop things

Numbness and tingling is common in the thumb and pointer, middle and ring fingers. Sometimes, symptoms can be worse during the night, but they can also be felt during daily activities.

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Hand Hand Surgeon Hand Transplant

A Surgeon’s Story of a Hand Transplant

Hand surgeon and American Society for Surgery of the Hand member Kodi K. Azari, MD, FACS, tells his story about performing a hand transplant, becoming a hand surgeon, and the importance of the human hand. Listen to the podcast.

Azari story

Learn more about conditions, injuries and procedures of the hand at

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Broken Finger Finger Hand Hand Fracture Jammed Finger

Random Fact: Fractures

different children's sports balls outside on lawnThe most common fracture among athletes occurs in the finger. Learn about the difference between jammed fingers and fractures during this busy sports season.

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Ganglion Cysts Hand Wrist

Ask a Doctor: Ganglion Cysts

Medical physician doctor hands. Healthcare background banner.

Dr. Khurram Pervaiz answers your questions about ganglion cysts.

My doctor told me I have a “ganglion cyst.” What is that?

A ganglion “cyst” is a benign (not cancer) mass that can occur in the hand or wrist. The cyst is composed of a sac filled with fluid.

What causes a ganglion cyst?

No one knows exactly why this happens, but a defect in the joint capsule causes fluid to leak out into the soft tissues and cause the cyst.

What are some of the symptoms of a ganglion cyst?

Ganglion cysts can happen in different parts of the hand and wrist. They most commonly appear on the “back” of the wrist. They may also affect the palm side of the wrist, hand or fingers. They sometimes are attached to a finger tendon. A ganglion cyst can change in size. Some hurt, and others do not.

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Elbow Hand Joints Shoulder Wrist

How to protect your wrists, elbows and shoulders during yoga

Group of three young women practicing the side plank pose during yoga class in a gym

from Huffpost Healthy Living

Some of the most common injuries in yoga are muscle or joint problems, though most problems are mild. Yoga can even be a safe and helpful form of exercise for people with joint issues like rheumatoid arthritis, as long as you know how to modify postures with the help of your yoga teacher.

Here are seven tips to help keep your joints healthy and safe in yoga:

1. Protect your wrists: Spread your hands wide and evenly when your hands bear weight, such as in Downward Facing Dog Pose.

Beginners in yoga often tent their hands in Downward Facing Dog Pose, but this actually makes it more difficult on your hands and wrists. Make sure that your hands are spread wide and ground all corners of your palm on your mat. Your hands should be pressed down firmly enough that someone would not be able to pluck your fingers off the mat.

Dr. David Wei of Orthopaedic & Neurosurgery Specialists in Greenwich, CT, an orthopedic hand surgeon who specializes in injuries of the hand, wrist, and elbow, explains:

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