Author Archives: The Hand Society

Finger Hand Swan Neck Deformity

What is a Swan Neck Deformity?

Swan Neck Deformity
A Swan Neck Deformity is a deformity of the finger in which the middle joint is bent back more than normal, and the tip of the finger is bent down. Sometimes, this deformity can be caused by an injury. Other times, it can happen over time due to a condition such as rheumatoid arthritis.

The odd bending of the finger is usually due to a tear of a ligament in the middle joint of the finger.  Sometimes, the tendon is torn. It causes the tendon to become weak. Eventually, the ability of the tendons to straighten the joint becomes lessened, causing the bending. Here are some signs that you have a Swan Neck Deformity:

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Anatomy Arteries Blood Vessels Hand

Anatomy 101: Arteries of the Arm

There are 5 arteries in the arm and shoulder that supply blood to the body.

Arteries are muscle-lined tubes in the body that transport blood from the heart to other parts of the body. In the upper extremity, there are two arteries that pass through the axilla, also known as the “armpit.” These arteries are:

  • Subclavian Artery: This is the large vessel that begins the blood supply to the upper extremity.  It begins near the heart and travels under the clavicle bone toward the shoulder.  Eventually it turns into the axillary artery.
  • Axillary Artery: This is a continuation of the subclavian artery. This artery travels deep in the arm pit, feeding muscles and bones around the shoulder with its branches. It eventually turns into the brachial artery.
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Ligament Thumb Thumb Sprain

5 Signs of a Thumb Sprain

A thumb sprain is an injury to a ligament, which is a soft tissue that connects bones to each other at joints, as opposed to a thumb fracture (break) which is an injury to the bone. Many times, thumb sprains will result from sports injuries or falls. For example, skiing results in many thumb injuries, as does basketball. Or, you may fall and try to catch yourself, bending your thumb in an awkward position.

Here are 5 signs that you have sprained your thumb:

  1. Swelling
  2. Bruising
  3. Pain
  4. Weakness
  5. Trouble performing daily activities such as writing or holding a glass
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Elbow Lateral Epicondylitis Tendons Tennis Elbow

How to Treat Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow, officially called lateral epicondylitis, is a condition involving the degeneration of a tendon’s attachment on the outside (lateral) part of the elbow. Simply put, the degeneration causes pain. The pain may be located on the outside of the elbow, and it can be tender to the touch. This condition can also cause pain during activity, especially when gripping or lifting things. Sometimes, the pain will travel down your forearm and into the hand.

Tennis elbow is commonly caused by overuse, which doesn’t necessarily result from playing tennis. Overuse can be from work-related activities such as typing or plumbing, or non-work activities such as painting. It can also be caused by trauma. If you’ve suffered from a direct blow to the elbow at some point, it may lead to degeneration.

Sometimes, tennis elbow pain will go away on its own. If it doesn’t, here are potential methods for treating this condition:

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Cold Hand Disease Finger Hand Raynaud's Phenomenon

Raynaud’s Disease: Why Your Hands and Feet Hurt So Badly When They’re Cold

from SELF

Winter is terrible for many reasons, seasonal affective disorder, treacherous slicks of ice, and the infinite quest for moisturized skin among them. But for people with Raynaud’s disease (sometimes called Raynaud’s phenomenon or syndrome), winter can also make their hands and feet go numb, then ache, and even turn every color of the American flag in the process. It would be an impressive party trick if it weren’t so painful.

Raynaud’s symptoms are painfully distinct.

It’s not just that your fingers feel cold when you trudge through the snow (or frolic, depending on your opinion of winter). “It’s impressive, this change,” vascular surgeon Daiva Nevidomskyte, M.D., assistant professor in the Department of Surgery at Duke University School of Medicine, tells SELF. “Within a couple of minutes, people’s fingers turn pale, then blue, and once they’re reheated, they turn red. It’s a pretty dramatic response.”

Beyond the visible changes, when someone is having a Raynaud’s attack, the lack of blood flow will lead to numbness and pain in the affected body part as it turns white and blue. When the blood flow returns, the body part starts to redden, and nerves reacting to the renewed circulation will cause tingling, throbbing, or burning, Mounir Haurani, M.D., vascular surgeon and assistant professor at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, tells SELF.

Read the full story.

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Hand Ski and Snowboard Injury Thumb

Random Fact: Skiing Injuries

Did you know? Looping your hands through the straps of a ski pole increases your risk of hurting your thumb if you fall. Upper extremity injuries are some of the most common skiing injuries. Learn more about how to ski safely at

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Brachial Plexus Hand Nerves Shoulder

What is a Brachial Plexus Injury?

The brachial plexus is a group of nerves that start in the spinal cord in the neck and travel down the arm. These nerves control the muscles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand, as well as provide feeling in the arm. If you have a brachial plexus injury, it means you have damaged a nerve.

Nerve injuries can be very serious, as they can stop signals to and from the brain. Nerves can be damaged by stretching, pressure or cutting. Stretching can occur when the head and neck are forced away from the shoulder, such as during a motorcycle or car accident. Pressure could occur if the brachial plexus is crushed, which can happen during a fracture or dislocation. You will know if you have a nerve injury, as opposed to just a broken bone or other injury, if you’ve lost feeling in your arm.

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Hand Hand Surgeon Hand Surgery Wide Awake Surgery

Video: Wide Awake Surgery

During wide awake surgery, rather than being put asleep, you are only numbed in the area of the body on which surgery is being performed. You will be awake during the procedure. But, don’t worry, you won’t be able to see the procedure being performed. There will be a blue sheet blocking your view. For example, if you are having a hand surgery, only your hand/arm will be numbed. This procedure is fully sterile as a normal surgery is.

Watch our short, 3-minute video above to hear from a surgeon and patient about wide awake surgery. Or, keep reading to learn about the benefits of wide awake surgery.

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